Lygodesmia aphylla

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Lygodesmia aphylla
Lygodesmia aphylla MS.jpg
Photo taken by Michelle M. Smith
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae
Genus: Lygodesmia
Species: L. aphylla
Binomial name
Lygodesmia aphylla
(Nutt.) DC.
LYGO APHY dist.jpg
Natural range of Lygodesmia aphylla from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Rose rush

Taxonomic notes

Description

A description of Lygodesmia aphylla is provided in The Flora of North America.

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

It is found in Florida scrub community (Archbold Biological Station). [1] This species has also been found in sandhills, pine flatwoods, pine-wiregrass savannas, and mixed woodlands. [2] It has been observed in open areas in dry, deep, moist-peaty, and loose sands as well as in gravelly soils. [2] This species also occurs in human disturbed areas such as clobbered scrub oak habitats, bulldozed areas, orange groves, along roadsides, along old fields, cut-over pinelands, fallow fields, spoil banks, and parks. [2] Associated species include Rosemary, scrub oaks, Pinus clausa, P. elliottii var. densa, Quercus laevis, Aristida stricta, Andropogon, Pinus elliottii, Tragia urens, and Rubus cuneifolius. [2]

Phenology

L. aphylla has been observed flowering in April to June with peak inflorescence in May.[2][3]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by wind. [4]

Fire ecology

This species has been found in annually burned areas. [2]

Pollination

The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Lygodesmia aphylla at Archbold Biological Station. [5]

Halictidae: Augochlorella aurata

Use by animals

Deyrup observed this bee, Augochlorella aurata, on L. aphylla. [1] Fire ants are not interested in the seeds of L. aphylla. [6]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Deyrup, M. J. E., and Beth Norden (2002). "The diversity and floral hosts of bees at the Archbold Biological Station, Florida (Hymenoptera: Apoidea)." Insecta mundi 16(1-3).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Robert F. Thorne, Gary R. Knight, Mark A Garland, R.K. Godfrey, Grady W. Reinert, S. W. Leonard, Robert J Lemaire, Gwynn W. Ramsey, R. S. Mitchell, O. Lakela, George R. Cooley, Carroll E. Wood, Jr., Kenneth A. Wilson, H. Larry Stripling, H. E. Grelen, Robert Kral, Mabel Kral, Mary Clare Langan, Elmer C. Prichard, Paul L. Redfearn, Jr., C. Jackson, Patricia Elliot, R. Komarek, M. Davis, J. M. Kane, Leon Neel, Julie Neel, R. A. Norris, and Cecil R Slaughter. States and Counties: Florida: Calhoun, Charlotte, Citrus, Clay, Duval, Franklin, Gulf, Hernando, Highlands, Indian River, Jackson, Lee, Leon, Levy, Liberty, Marion, Pasco, Pinellas, Polk, Sarasota, Suwannee, Volusia and Wakulla. Georgia: Baker and Thomas.
  3. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 12 DEC 2016
  4. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.
  5. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.
  6. Cumberland, M. S. and L. K. Kirkman (2013). "The effects of the red imported fire ant on seed fate in the longleaf pine ecosystem." Plant Ecology 214: 717-724.