Lobelia amoena

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Lobelia amoena
Lobelia amoena gil.jpg
Photo taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Campanulales
Family: Campanulaceae
Genus: Lobelia
Species: L. amoena
Binomial name
Lobelia amoena
Michx.
LOBE AMOE dist.jpg
Natural range of Lobelia amoena from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Southern lobelia

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: Lobelia amoena var. amoena

Description

"Perennial or annual herbs, stems erect, strict or freely branched. Leaves crenate, serrate or entire. Raceme terminal ,bracteate, often very leafy and the flowers appearing axillary. Calyx 5-lobed, more or less actinomorphic; corolla zygomorphic, fenestrate, 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobbed, lower 3-lobbed. Stamens 5, completely united. Capsule dehiscent by apical pores. Seeds yellowish brown, tuberculate, oblong, 0.6-1 mm long." [1]

"Similar to L. elongata. Leaves elliptic to lanceolate, 4-15 cm long, 2-4 cm wide. Sepals entire or remotely glandular-serrate; corolla tube 7-9 mm long; filament tube 5-7 mm long. Capsule 6-8 mm broad." [1]

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

This species can be found in floodplain forests, semi-open wetlands, along river and stream banks, seepage bogs, and low depressions. [2] It grows in shaded to deep shaded environments in wet or dry sands and loam of mesic wooded environments. [2] L. amoena also grows in human disturbed areas such as roadside ditches and clear-cut woods. [2] Associated species include Boltonia, Commelina, Coreopsis integrifolia, Physostegia virginiana, Woodwardia areolata, Quercus, Rhamnus, oakleaf hydrangea, Conoclinium, Pluchea, Leersia, Panicum, Schoenus, Juniperus, Solidago fistulosa, and Bidens alba. [2]

Phenology

This species has been observed flowering from September to November. [2]

Fire ecology

This species has been found in annually burned areas. [2]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Radford, Albert E., Harry E. Ahles, and C. Ritchie Bell. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. 1964, 1968. The University of North Carolina Press. 1005-7. Print.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, W. W. Baker, A. Gholson Jr., James P. Gillespie, Robert K. Godfrey, D. Hall, R. Komarek, R. Kral, N. Lee, Sidney McDaniel, Richard S. Mitchell, Gil Nelson, R. A. Norris, Camm Swift, D. B. Ward, and Rodie White. States and Counties: Florida: Calhoun, Franklin, Gadsden, Jackson, Leon, Liberty, Wakulla, Walton, Washington. Georgia: Grady and Thomas.