Lithospermum virginianum

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Lithospermum virginianum
Onosmodium virginianum Gil.jpg
Photo taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Lamiales
Family: Boraginaceae
Genus: Lithospermum
Species: L. virginianum
Binomial name
Lithospermum virginianum
(L.) A. DC.
ONOS VIRG dist.jpg
Natural range of Lithospermum virginianum from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: wild Job's tears, Virginia marbleseed[1]

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Onosmodium virginianum (Linnaeus) A.L.P.P. de Candolle[1]

Varieties: none[1]


Lithospermum virginianum is a perennial herbaceous species.


L. virginianum ranges from Louisianna to Florida, and north along the Coastal Plain to New York and Massachusetts. Though it is rare, the species is found in North Carolina.[1]



L. virginianum grows in dry loamy sand, like that which occurs in sandhill and longleaf pine-scrub oak sand ridge communities, as well as disturbed habitat, including roadsides and power line corridors.[2] Weakley (2015) reports that in the Southern and mid-Atlantic states, it is restricted to highly acidic sands in fall-line sandhills and circumneutral soils derived from mafic rocks (Piedmont), calcareous rocks (Mountains), or calcareous shell (Coastal Plain).[1]


This species flowers from April through September and May through October.[1]

Fire ecology

This species has been found in habitat that is maintained by frequent fires[2] as evidenced by populations of Lithospermum virginianum that have been known to persist through repeated annual burns.[3]

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

Cultural use

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Weakley, A.S. 2020. Flora of the Southeastern United States. Edition of 20 October 2020. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: M. Davis, Robert K. Godfrey, R. Komarek, Rodie White, R. A. Norris, and Loran C. Anderson. States and Counties: Florida: Jackson, Leon, and Wakulla. Georgia: Grady and Thomas.
  3. Robertson, K.M. Unpublished data collected from Pebble Hill Fire Plots, Pebble Hill Plantation, Thomasville, Georgia.