Liatris chapmanii

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Liatris chapmanii
Liat chap.jpg
Photo by Guy Anglin, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae
Genus: Liatris
Species: L. chapmanii
Binomial name
Liatris chapmanii
Torr. & A. Gray
Liat chap dist.jpg
Natural range of Liatris chapmanii from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Chapman's blazing star, Chapman's gayfeather

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: Laciniaria chapmanii (Torrey & A. Gray) Kuntze

Named for A.W. Chapman, one of the southeast's best known early botanists.[1]

Description

A description of Liatris chapmanii is provided in The Flora of North America.

L. chapmanii is a perennial species that grows from rounded to elongated corms.[2][3] The leaves are slightly curved, thin, and can be found along the flower stalk. The basal rosette is dense and has a whorled appearance. The puprle flowers are densely clustered along the flower stalk, with the stalk capable of reaching 3 feet tall.[1]

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

In the Coastal Plain in Florida and Georgia, L. chapmanii can occur in longleaf pine sandhills and pine-oak-palmetto scrubs. It has been found in disturbed areas such as bulldozed pinelands and sandy fields. Soil types include loamy sand and red clay. Associated species include Quercus laevis, Ceratiola, Chrysopsis, Liatris gracilis, L. tenuifolia, Carphephorus odoratissimus, Balduina, Sporobolus, Lyonia, Myrica, Serenoa, Agalinis, and Dicerandra. [4]

Phenology

L. chapmanii has been observed to flower in the month of June and August through October.[4][5] The seeds are produced in cypselae fruits that have feathery bristle-like pappi.[2]

Seed bank and germination

L. chapmanii occurs in pyrogenic scrub and sandhill communities and germination is stimulated by smoke. [6]

Pollination

The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Liatris chapmanii at Archbold Biological Station: [7]

Megachilidae: Megachile albitarsis

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 [[1]]Native Florida Wildflowers Accessed: January 11, 2016
  2. 2.0 2.1 [[2]] Encyclopedia of Life. Accessed: January 11, 2016
  3. [[3]]Accessed: January 11, 2016
  4. 4.0 4.1 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: October 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, B. Boothe, M. Boothe, Edwin L. Bridges, A.F. Clewell, George R. Cooley, Robert Doren, R.J. Eaton, Grayal Farr, Robert K. Godfrey, Norlan, R.A. Norris, C. Henderson, R. Kral, Olga Lakela, John Lazor, Robert L. Lazor, K. MacClendon, Travis MacClendon, Sidney McDaniel, J.B. McFarlin, Thomas Miller, Steve L. Orzell, Paul L. Redfearn Jr., Cecil R. Slaughter. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Calhoun, Collier, Escambia, Franklin, Gadsden, Gulf, Highlands, Hillsborough, Indian River, Jackson, Leon, Liberty, Martin, Pinellas, Polk, Wakulla, Washington. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  5. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 12 DEC 2016
  6. Lindon, H. L. and E. Menges (2008). "Scientific Note: Effects of Smoke on Seed Germination of Twenty Species of Fire-Prone Habitats in Florida." Castanea 73(2): 106-110.
  7. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.