Lespedeza violacea

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Common name: violet lespedeza [1], wand lespedeza [2]

Lespedeza violacea
Lespedeza violacea GB.jpg
Photo by Arieh Tal of Botphoto.com
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Lespedeza
Species: L. violacea
Binomial name
Lespedeza violacea
L.
LESP VIOL DIST.JPG
Natural range of Lespedeza violacea from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: L. intermedia (S. Watson) Britton

Varieties: Lespedeza virgata (Thunberg) A.P. de Candolle

Description

L. violacea is a perennial forb/herb of the Fabaceae family native to North America and Canada. [1]

Distribution

L. violacea is found in the eastern half of the United States excluding Florida, as well as the Ontario region of Canada. [1]

Ecology

Habitat

L. violacea proliferates in woodlands and woodland borders [2], and predominantly in lowland sites. [3] Specimens have been collected from limestone outcrop, second growth of black oak area, cedar bluff woods, sandy soil of upland oak-hickory forest, open oak woods, sandstone quarry, shaded roadside, river bank, old field scattered with trees, bluff above floodplain, burned over pine region with clay soil, and bottomland hardwood. [4]

Phenology

L. violacea has been observed to flower in September. [5]

Conservation and Management

L. violacea is listed as rare by the New York Department of Environmental Conservation Division of Land and Forests, and as threatened by the Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife Nongame and Natural Heritage Program. [1]

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 USDA Plant Database https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LEVI6
  2. 2.0 2.1 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. Towne, E. G. and K. E. Kemp (2008). "Long-term response patterns of tallgrass prairie to frequent summer burning." Rangeland Ecology & Management 61: 509-520.
  4. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: R.K. Godfrey, R. komarek, Robert Thorne, G.W. Parmalee, Andre Clewell, Paul Redfearn, H. A. Wahl, Norlan Henderson, George Jones, Norlan Henderson, Sidney McDaniel, Dick Houk, V. Muehlenbach, Sidney McDaniel, Norman E. Hill. States and counties: Florida (Leon) Georgia (Grady) Virginia (Giles) Michigan (Jackson) Indiana (Brown, Monroe, Martin) Missouri (Johnson, Osage, Platte, Jackson, Barton, St. Clair) Mississippi (Chickasaw, Tallahatchie, Holmes, Madison) Alabama (Cleburne, Calhoun)
  5. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 24 MAY 2018