Common names: white grass, white cutgrass, Virginia cutgrass
|File:Leersia virginica IWF.jpg|
|Photo by the Illinois Wildflowers Database|
|Division:||Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants|
|Class:||Liliopsida - Moncots|
|Natural range of Leersia virginica from USDA NRCS Plants Database.|
Synonyms: Homalocenchrus virginicus (Willdenow) Britton
Varieties: Leersia virginica var. ovata (Poiret) Fernald; Leersia virginica var. virginica
L. virginica is a perennial graminoid of the Poaceae family native to North America.
L. virginica is found throughout the Eastern and Midwestern United States, Ontario, and Quebec.
L. virginica can be found in floodplain forests, swamps, and streambanks. Specimens have been collected in habitats such as shaded wet soils, drying sandy loam, shaded woods, mesic hardwood regions, floodplain bluffs, wet banks of rivers, and hammocks. L. virginica is commonly found in an ideal habitat of partially shaded wet lowlands. It prefers moist soil with a high amount of organic matter that is commonly found along water bodies. It is not tolerant to droughts.
Seed bank and germination
Seeds have bene classified as having medium vigor.
L. virginica is not fire resistant.
Herbivory and toxicology
L. virginica can be used by grazing and browsing animals though it is not commonly found in the pasture areas that they inhabit. The Northern Pearly Eye butterfly caterpillar will feed on the foliage of the plant.
Conservation, cultivation, and restoration
References and notes
- Weakley, A.S. 2020. Flora of the Southeastern United States. Edition of 20 October 2020. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
- USDA Plant Database
- URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran Anderson, G. Nelson, W. Baker, R.K.Godfrey, R. Kral, Neal Morar, Lisa Keppner, Annie Schmidt, William Platt, M. Darst, H. Light, D. Johnson, L. Peed. States and counties: Florida (Wakulla, Thomas, Calhoun, Levy, Jefferson, Liberty, Clay, Franklin, Leon, Liberty, Jefferson, Escambia, Suwannee, Washington, Holmes, Dixie) Georgia (Thomas)
- Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 19 MAY 2021
- Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.