Lactuca floridana

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Lactuca floridana
Lact flor.jpg
Photo by Guy Anglin, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae
Genus: Lactuca
Species: L. floridana
Binomial name
Lactuca floridana
(L.) Gaertn.
LACT FLOR dist.jpg
Natural range of Lactuca floridana from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Woodland lettuce

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Lactuca floridana var. floridana; L. floridana var. villosa (Jacquin) Cronquist; Mulgedium floridanum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle; Mulgedium villosum (Jacquin) Small

Description

A description of Lactuca floridana is provided in The Flora of North America.

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

This species can be found in mesic coastal calcareous hammocks, mesic woodlands, moist edges of ponds, upland hardwood forest remnants, and bordering small streams. [1] It also does well in disturbed areas near boat landings, on camping areas, along railroad banks, weedy areas, pastured fields, and clearings of swamps and woodlands. [1] It grows can grow in fully shaded to partial shade environments in loamy and oyster shell soils. [1] Associated species include longleaf pine, oak, hickory, beech, magnolia, and sweetgum. [1]

Phenology

L. floridana has been observed flowering in April to June, and August through October and fruiting in October and December. [1][2]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, A. H. Curtiss, A. Gholson Jr., Robert K. Godfrey, C. Jackson, R. Kral, T. MacClendon, K. MacClendon, Richard S. Mitchell, Harry Neel, Gil Nelson, J. B. Nelson, George R. Cooley, Carroll E. Wood, Jr., and Kenneth A. Wilson. States and Counties: Florida: Calhoun, Dixie, Duval, Escambia, Franklin, Gadsden, Hernando, Jackson, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty, Masidon, Taylor, and Wakulla.
  2. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 12 DEC 2016