Juncus biflorus

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Common names: two-flowered rush; bog rush

Juncus biflorus
Juncus biflorus AVF.JPG
Photo by Gary Fleming at the Digital Atlas of the Virginia Flora
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida - Moncots
Order: Juncales
Family: Juncaceae
Genus: Juncus
Species: J. biflorus
Binomial name
Juncus biflorus
Ell.
JUNC BIFL DIST.JPG
Natural range of Juncus biflorus from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: Juncus marginatus Rostkovius, and Juncus aristulatus Michaux var. biflorus (Elliott) Small

Varieties: none

Description

Also known as bog rush, J. biflorus is a native perennial graminoid that is a member of the Juncaceae family. It has a rapid rhizomatous growth form reaching a mature height of 3.5 feet. [1]

Distribution

J. biflorus can be found in the Southeastern United States from Mississippi and up to Michigan as well as along the Atlantic coast to New Jersey. [1]

Ecology

Habitat

The main communities J. biflorus can be found include pine savannahs, pine flatwoods, mesic portions of sandhill-pocosin ecotones, and even roadsides, wet meadows, interdune swales, tidal marshes, and ditches. [2] As well, J. biflorus has been observed on the margin of an old wet fireland, margin of wet woods, and in a flooded depression. [3]

Phenology

Fruit development has been observed in May and August. [3]

Conservation and Management

J. biflorus is listed as endangered in the state of New York, and is listed as threatened in the state of Pennsylvania. [1]

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 USDA Plants Database URL: https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=JUBI
  2. Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: John B. Nelson, Wade Biltoft, Keith Bradley, Daniel Castillo, and Richard D. Porcher. States and counties: South Carolina: Berkely and Orangeburg.