Hypoxis juncea

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Hypoxis juncea
Hypoxis juncea gil.jpg
Photo taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Hypoxis
Species: H. juncea
Binomial name
Hypoxis juncea
Sm.
HYPO JUNC dist.jpg
Natural range of Hypoxis juncea from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Fringed yellow star-grass

Taxonomic notes

Description

A description of Hypoxis juncea is provided in The Flora of North America. Hypoxis juncea is a perennial herbaceous species.

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

It is a longleaf pine flatwoods/ sandhill species.[1] However, it can also occur in disturbed areas, including grassy roadsides. [2] It prefers open, moist conditions in sandy or loamy soils. [2] Associated species include Pinus palutris, Pinus elliottii, and Quercus laevis. [2]

Phenology

H. juncea has been observed flowering from February through June and in September with peak inflorescence in March.[3][2] Fruiting was observed in March through June. [2] Kevin Robertson has observed this species flower within three months of burning. KMR


Fire ecology

This species has been found in habitat that is maintained by frequent fire. [2] H. juncea appeared to have benefited from high fire frequencies in a study in 2003.[1] Observed H. juncea respouting at least 10 days after a fire that occurred in June of 1993.[4]

Pollination

The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Hypoxis juncea at Archbold Biological Station: [5]

Halictidae: Augochlorella gratiosa, Lasioglossum nymphalis

Use by animals

Deyrup observed this bee, Dialictus nymnphalis, on H. juncea.[6] “…Hypoxis is one of the most important plants for quail, which occurred (resprouted) in the ranking only the first 1 or 2 months after fire.[7]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Glitzenstein, J. S., D. R. Streng, et al. (2003). "Fire frequency effects on longleaf pine (Pinus palustris, P.Miller) vegetation in South Carolina and northeast Florida, USA." Natural Areas Journal 23: 22-37.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Karen MacClendon, R. Komarek, and Annie Schmidt. States and Counties: Florida: Calhoun, Jefferson, Liberty, and Wakulla. Georgia: Thomas.
  3. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 12 DEC 2016
  4. Pavon, M. L. (1995). Diversity and response of ground cover arthropod communities to different seasonal burns in longleaf pine forests. Tallahassee, Florida A&M University.
  5. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.
  6. Deyrup, M. J. E., and Beth Norden (2002). "The diversity and floral hosts of bees at the Archbold Biological Station, Florida (Hymenoptera: Apoidea)." Insecta mundi 16(1-3).
  7. Hughes, R. H. (1975). The native vegetation in south Florida related to month of burning. Asheville, NC, USDA Forest Service.