Gratiola floridana

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Common name: Florida hedgehyssop

Gratiola floridana
Gratiola floridana AFP.jpg
Photo by the Atlas of Florida Plants Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Genus: Gratiola
Species: G. floridana
Binomial name
Gratiola floridana
Nutt.
GRAT FLOR DIST.JPG
Natural range of Gratiola floridana from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: none

Varieties: none

Description

Also known as the Florida hedgehyssop, G. floridana is a native annual forb that is a member of the Scrophulariaceae family [1].

Distribution

G. floridana is found in the Southeast United States, ranging from Louisiana and Florida to less frequently found in Tennessee [1].

Ecology

Habitat

G. floridana can be found in spring runs, steam banks, and blackwater swamps [2]. It has specifically been seen in shaded wet muck of floodplains, and partially shaded mesic firebreak trails. [3]

Associated species - Ludwigia palustris [3]

Phenology

G. floridana has been observed to flower in March [4], but it has been seen to flower in April and May as well. Fruiting time ranges from March until April. [3]

Conservation and Management

It is considered endangered in the state of Tennessee but not in any other region, but G. floridana should be monitored in the communities for its infrequency [1].

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 USDA Plants Database URL: https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=GRFL2
  2. Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, David Roddenberry, Robert K. Godfrey, R. Kral, and J. M. Kane. States and counties: Florida: Gadsden, Wakulla, Jackson, and Leon. Georgia: Thomas. Alabama: Etowah, and Dallas.
  4. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 22 MAY 2018