Gratiola brevifolia

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Gratiola brevifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Genus: Gratiola
Species: G. brevifolia
Binomial name
Gratiola brevifolia
Raf.
GRAT BREV DIST.JPG
Natural range of Gratiola brevifolia from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common Name: sticky hedgehyssop[1]

Taxonomic Notes

Description

Gratiola brevifolia is a dioecious annual or perennial that grows as a forb/herb.[1] It grows erect and leafy.[2]

Distribution

This species occurs from South Carolina, southward to central peninsular Florida, westward to eastern Texas, and inland to southeastern Oklahoma, central Arkansas, and Tennessee. It also is reported to occur disjunct in Delaware.[1][3] Throughout most of its range, it is considered rare or imperiled by some,[3] but just uncommon by others.[2]

Ecology

Habitat

G. brevifolia is found in sandy pinelands, oak barrens, sandy riverbanks,[3] floodplain forests, cypress swamps, and other wet places.[4] In the lower banks and bottoms of a ditched perennial stream, G. brevifolia consists of 1,500 individuals.[3]

Phenology

On the Florida panhandle, G. brevifolia flowers from March through July, with peak inflorescence in May.[5]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 USDA NRCS (2016) The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 02 February 2018). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Walker J (1993) Rare vascular plant taxa associated with the longleaf pine ecosystems: Patterns in taxonomy and ecology. Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference. Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, FL.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Knapp WM, Estes D (2006) Gratiola brevifolia (Plantaginaceae) new to the flora of delaware, the delmarva peninsula, and the mid-Atlantic. SIDA 22(1):825-829.
  4. Weakley AS (2015) Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  5. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 2 FEB 2018