Gentiana catesbaei

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Common names: Elliott's gentian; coastal plain gentian

Gentiana catesbaei
Gentiana catesbaei AFP.jpg
Photo by the Atlas of Florida Plants Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Gentianales
Family: Gentianaceae
Genus: Gentiana
Species: G. catesbaei
Binomial name
Gentiana catesbaei
Natural range of Gentiana catesbaei from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: Dasystephana latifolia (Chapman) Small; D. parvifolia (Chapman) Small; Pneumonanthe catesbaei (Walter) F.W. Schmidt.[1]

Varieties: none.[1]


G. catesbaei is a perennial forb that is a member of the Gentianaceae family native to the southeast United States.[2]


The distribution of G. catesbaei ranges from north Florida to southeastern Pennsylvania and New Jersey [2].



G. catesbaei can be found in "pocosins, moist longleaf pine savanna edges, edges of moist hardwood forests, bluff seepages" [3]. It has been observed in a swale clearing of a wet woodland, in a logged over hillside bog, on the border of a small marsh and a pond, a bottomland woodland, a streamside, floodplain woods, and a Magnolia virginiana swamp. Habitat typically has saturated, loamy, peat soil.[4] It is listed by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service as an obligate wetland species that only occurs in wetland habitats.[2]


This species typically flowers from late September through November[3], but can still have flowers present through mid-December.[4] It has been observed to flower in November and December as well.[5]

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

Gentiana catesbaei is listed as extirpated by the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.[2] It is also presumed to be extirpated in New Jersey, and is critically imperiled in Mississippi, as well as vulnerable in North Carolina.[6]

Cultural use

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Weakley, A.S. 2015. Flora of the southern and mid-atlantic states. Working Draft of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 USDA Plants Database URL:
  3. 3.0 3.1 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: Last accessed: May 2018. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, R. K. Godfrey, A. Gholson Jr., D. C. Vickers, Steve N. Jones, Rodie White, R. Komarek and R. Kral. States and Counties: Alabama: Covington and Coffee. Georgia: Grady and Thomas. Florida: Leon, Gadsden, and Wakulla.
  5. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. Accessed: 17 MAY 2019
  6. [[1]] NatureServe Explorer. Accessed: May 17, 2019