Common names: Elliott's gentian; coastal plain gentian
|Photo by the Atlas of Florida Plants Database|
|Division:||Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants|
|Class:||Magnoliopsida - Dicots|
|Natural range of Gentiana catesbaei from USDA NRCS Plants Database.|
Synonyms: Dasystephana latifolia (Chapman) Small; D. parvifolia (Chapman) Small; Pneumonanthe catesbaei (Walter) F.W. Schmidt.
G. catesbaei is a perennial forb that is a member of the Gentianaceae family native to the southeast United States.
The distribution of G. catesbaei ranges from north Florida to southeastern Pennsylvania and New Jersey .
G. catesbaei can be found in "pocosins, moist longleaf pine savanna edges, edges of moist hardwood forests, bluff seepages" . It has been observed in a swale clearing of a wet woodland, in a logged over hillside bog, on the border of a small marsh and a pond, a bottomland woodland, a streamside, floodplain woods, and a Magnolia virginiana swamp. Habitat typically has saturated, loamy, peat soil. It is listed by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service as an obligate wetland species that only occurs in wetland habitats.
Conservation, cultivation, and restoration
Gentiana catesbaei is listed as extirpated by the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. It is also presumed to be extirpated in New Jersey, and is critically imperiled in Mississippi, as well as vulnerable in North Carolina.
References and notes
- Weakley, A.S. 2015. Flora of the southern and mid-atlantic states. Working Draft of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
- USDA Plants Database URL: https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=GECA10
- Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
- Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: May 2018. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, R. K. Godfrey, A. Gholson Jr., D. C. Vickers, Steve N. Jones, Rodie White, R. Komarek and R. Kral. States and Counties: Alabama: Covington and Coffee. Georgia: Grady and Thomas. Florida: Leon, Gadsden, and Wakulla.
- Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 17 MAY 2019
- [] NatureServe Explorer. Accessed: May 17, 2019