Fuirena breviseta

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Common Names: saltmarsh umbrella-sedge [1]; short-bristled umbrella-sedge

Fuirena breviseta
Fuirena breviseta AFP.jpg
Photo by the Atlas of Florida Plants Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida - Moncots
Order: Poales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Fuirena
Species: F. breviseta
Binomial name
Fuirena breviseta
Natural range of Fuirena breviseta from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: F. squarrosa Michaux.[2]

Varieties: none.[2]


F. breviseta is a perennial graminoid of the Cyperaceae family that is native to North America.[1] It can reach heights up to 3 feet tall with bloom color ranging from yellow to green and to brown.[3]


F. breviseta is found in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. [1] This plant is a southeastern coastal plain endemic species.[4]



Common habitats for F. breviseta is Carolina bays, savannas, ditches, and other wetlands. [4] Habitats of specimens collected include drying loamy sands of a ditch, wet sand on edge of a dike, pond pargin in shallow water, on edge of pine plantation, on border of wakulla river, wet pine flatwoods, and on edge of a lake. [5] This species is listed by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service as an obligate wetland species that is only found in wetland habitats.[1] It is also a characteristic species of the calcareous savannas in Florida.[6]

Associated species include Eleocharis sp., Rhynchospora sp., Scleria sp., Mecardonia sp., Carex sp., and Juncus sp.[5]

Fuirena breviseta is frequent and abundant in the Calcareous Savannas community type as described in Carr et al. (2010).[7]


Generally, F. breviseta flowers from July until October.[4] It has been observed flowering in September, October, and November. [8]

Fire ecology

This species grows in habitats that are fire-dependent.[6]

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

This species is vulnerable in Georgia and Mississippi, critically imperiled in Arkansas, and possibly extirpated in Virginia.[9]

Cultural use

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 USDA Plant Database
  2. 2.0 2.1 Weakley, A.S. 2015. Flora of the southern and mid-atlantic states. Working Draft of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
  3. [[1]] Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Accessed: May 13, 2019
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  5. 5.0 5.1 URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran Anderson, Travis MacClendon, Karen MacClendon, R.K.Godfrey, R.F. Doren, Cecil Slaughter, William Platt, Garret Crow, Walker Judd. States and counties: Florida (Jefferson, Wakulla, Liberty, Calhoun, Jackson, Dixie, Washington, Marion, Duval, Osceola, Gadsden, Nassau, Alachua, Gulf), Georgia (Thomas)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Carr, S. C., et al. (2010). "A Vegetation Classification of Fire-Dependent Pinelands of Florida." Castanea 75(2): 153-189.
  7. Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.
  8. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 21 MAY 2018
  9. [[2]] NatureServe Explorer. Accessed: May 13, 2019