Euthamia caroliniana

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Euthamia caroliniana
FL 8021.jpg
Photo taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae
Genus: Euthamia
Species: E. caroliniana
Binomial name
Euthamia caroliniana
(L.) Greene ex Porter & Britton
Euth caro dist.jpg
Natural range of Euthamia caroliniana from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Slender goldentop; Slender flattop goldenrod; Coastal Plain goldentop

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Solidago microcephala (Nuttall) Bush; Solidago tenuifolia Pursh; Euthamia tenuifolia (Pursh) Nuttall var. microcephala Nuttall; E. tenuifolia var. tenuifolia; Solidago tenuifolia var. tenuifolia; Solidago tenuifolia; E. tenuifolia; E. minor (Michaux) Greene; E. minor; E. tenuifolia (Pursh) Nuttall

Description

A description of Euthamia caroliniana is provided in The Flora of North America.

Distribution

Ecology

Phenology

E. caroliniana has been observed to flower in September and October.[1]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by wind. [2]

Seed bank and germination

Forms a persistent soil seed bank. [3]

Pollination

The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Euthamia caroliniana at Archbold Biological Station. [4]

Andrenidae: Andrena fulvipennis

Apidae: Apis mellifera, Bombus impatiens, Epeolus carolinus

Colletidae: Colletes mandibularis, C. simulans, C. thysanellae, Hylaeus confluens

Halictidae: Agapostemon splendens, Augochlorella aurata, Halictus poeyi, Lasioglossum nymphalis, L. placidensis, L. puteulanum, Sphecodes heraclei

Leucospidae: Leucospis affinis, L. affinis, L. robertsoni, L. slossonae

Megachilidae: Anthidiellum perplexum, Coelioxys dolichos, C. octodentata, C. sayi, Megachile albitarsis, M. mendica

Pompilidae: Anoplius atrox, A. marginalis, Paracyphonyx funereus

Sphecidae: Ammophila pictipennis, Anacrabro ocellatus, Bembix sayi, Cerceris blakei, Ectemnius rufipes ais, Epinysson mellipes, Isodontia exornata, Liris beata, Microbembex monodonta, Palmodes dimidiatus, Philanthus politus, P. ventilabris, Prionyx thomae, Tachysphex similis, Tachytes validus

Vespidae: Euodynerus boscii boharti, E. hidalgo, Pachodynerus erynnis, Parancistrocerus salcularis rufulus, Polistes bellicosus, P. carolina, P. dorsalis hunteri, P. fuscatus, P. perplexus, Zethus slossonae, Z. spinipes

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 9 DEC 2016
  2. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.
  3. Navarra, J. J., N. Kohfeldt, et al. (2011). "Seed bank changes with time since fire in Florida rosemary scrub." Fire Ecology 7(2).
  4. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.