Euphorbia heterophylla

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Common Names: Fire on the mountain [1]. painted euphorbia, catalina [2]

Euphorbia heterophylla
Euphorbia heterophylla NRCS.jpg
Photo from USDA NRCS Plants Database.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Euphorbiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Euphorbia
Species: E. heterophylla
Binomial name
Euphorbia heterophylla
Natural range of Euphorbia heterophylla from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonym: Poinsettia heterophylla (Linnaeus)

Variety: Poinsettia geniculata (Ortega)


E. heterophylla is a annual/perennial forb/herb of the Euphorbiaceae fmaily native to North America. [1]


E. heterophylla is found along the southern United States, from Florida to California. [1]



E. heterophylla is largely found in disturbed habitats. [3] It has also been recently found in waste areas in Virginia. [4] It's native habitat is canyons and uplands, though the plant is relatively scarce. [5]

Specimens of this species have been collected from drying loamy sand of roadside, and along fences. [6]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 USDA Plant Database
  2. Gee, K. L., et al. (1994). White-tailed deer: their foods and management in the cross timbers. Ardmore, OK, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation.
  3. Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  4. Carr, L. G. (1940). "Further notes on coastal floral elements in the bogs of Augusta County, Virginia." Rhodora 42(495): 86-93.
  5. Knapp, W. M. and D. Estes (2006). "Gratiola brevifolia (Plantaginaceae) new to the flora of Delaware, the Delmarva Peninsula, and the mid-Atlantic." SIDA Contributions to Botany 22(1): 825-829. Gratiola brevifolia (Plantaginaceae) is reported as a rare and native addition to the 1 lora of Delaware, the Delniarva Peninsula, and to the Mid-Atlantic. This species is disjunct approximately 835 km (520 mi) from the closest known poptilatit^n in Burke Co., Georgia,
  6. URL: Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran Anderson States and counties: Florida (Wakulla, Jackson, Liberty, Jefferson, Gulf)