Eupatorium leptophyllum

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Eupatorium leptophyllum
Eupa lept.jpg
Photo by Dennis Girard, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae ⁄ Umbelliferae
Genus: Eupatorium
Species: E. leptophyllum
Binomial name
Eupatorium leptophyllum
DC.
Eupa lept dist.jpg
Natural range of Eupatorium leptophyllum from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: False fennel

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: Eupatorium capillifolium var. leptophyllum (A.P. de Candolle) H.E. Ahles

The genus Eupatorium honors a first century Greek king who discovered an antidote to a poison derived from this family.[1]

Description

A description of Eupatorium leptophyllum is provided in The Flora of North America.

It is a short lived perennial with glabrous stems that reaches around 1 to 2 meters tall.[2] The young stems have few hairs and the leaves are finely divided.[3]

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

It is found in wet areas, shallow water and at the edges of ponds.[2] Occurs wet, peaty soil such as in cypress ponds, along the shores of the ponds, floating islands in the ponds, wet peaty depression, mixed pine and oak forests. [4] Also, they are found in human disturbed areas such as roadsides, near artificial ponds,and weedy fields. [4]


Associated species include Cladium jamaicense, E. capillifolium, E. compositifolium, Eleocharis robbinsii, Fuirena pumila, Habeneria repens, Triadenum virginicum, Ludwigia, Rhynchospora, Xyris. Bidens, Sagittaria, Nuphar, Polygonum pensylvaticum. Hypericum, Ilex myrtifolia, and Nyssa biflora. [4]

Phenology

Have been observed flowering from August to November. [4]

Pollination

The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Eupatorium leptophyllum at Archbold Biological Station: [5]


Halictidae: Lasioglossum nymphalis, L. placidensis

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. [South Carolina Native Plant Society]Accessed: December 11, 2015
  2. 2.0 2.1 [[1]]Accessed: December 11, 2015
  3. [[2]] Accessed: December 7, 2015
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: October 2015. Collectors: Loran Anderson, Wm. G. Atwater, Wilson Baker, H.A. Davis, J.P. Gillespie, R.K. Godfrey, R.D. Houk, C. Jackson, Anne Johnson, Robert L. Lazor, Holly Maurushat, Sidney McDaniel, R.E. Perdue, Paul O. Schallert, and Cecil R. Slaughter. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Dade, Dixie, Franklin, Gilchrist, Jackson, Lake, Leon, Madison, Marion, Nassau, Okaloosa, Putnam, Seminole, Suwannee, Taylor, Volusia, Wakulla, Walton, Washington. Georgia: Baker.
  5. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.