Eryngium aromaticum

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Eryngium aromaticum
Eryn arom.jpg
Photo by Wayne Matchett, SpaceCoastWildflowers.com
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae ⁄ Umbelliferae
Genus: Eryngium
Species: E. aromaticum
Binomial name
Eryngium aromaticum
Baldw.
Eryn arom dist.jpg
Natural range of Eryngium aromaticum from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Fragrant eryngo

Taxonomic notes

Description

E. aromaticum is a low growing, perennial herb that can be found as a basal rosette of slightly spiny, deeply dissected leaves through out most of the year. It has a carrot like taproot.[1] Leaves are simple and alternate.[2]

Distribution

It is found throughout the peninsula and panhandle of Florida, along with parts of Georgia and Alabama.[1]

Ecology

Habitat

It can be found in well drained upland habitats.[1]

Occurs in loamy sand and peaty sand type habitats such as scrub, sand ridges, sandhills, and flatwoods. It has also been seen in human disturbed areas such as powerline corridors and disturbed slash pine forests. [3]

Associated species includes Agalinis plukenetii, Liatris provincialis, Chrysopsis gossypina, C. linearifolia, Polygonella gracile, P. polygoma, P. fimbriata, Aristida stricta, Pinus clausa, Pinus palustris, Quercus virginiana, Quercus laevis, and Serenoa repens. [3]

Phenology

It produces thistle-shaped flowers arranged in umbels and achene fruit[2]. It has been observed flowering and fruiting from June through December. [3]

Pollination

The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Eryngium aromaticum at Archbold Biological Station. [4]

Halictidae: Lasioglossum placidensis

Sphecidae: Tachysphex similis

Vespidae: Stenodynerus fundatiformis

Use by animals

Used as larval food by the Eastern black swallowtail butterfly[1].

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 [Native Florida Wildflowers]Accessed: December 7, 2015
  2. 2.0 2.1 [Hortipedia]Accessed: December 7, 2015
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: October 2016. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Tara Baridi, C.H. Beck, George R. Cooley, D.S. Correll, R.J. Eaton, Rex Ellis, William B. Fox, R.K. Godfrey, R. Kral, O. Lakela, Robert L. Lazor, Sidney McDaniel, Marc Minno, Paul O. Schallert, Cecil Slaughter, R.F. Thorne, and D.B. Ward. States and Counties: Florida: Baker, Brevard, Broward, Charlotte, Citrus, Clay, Collier, Duval, Franklin, Highlands, Lee, Martin, Nassau, Okeechobee, Osceola, Putnam, Seminole, St. Johns, and Taylor.
  4. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.