Eriogonum floridanum

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Eriogonum floridanum
Erio long.jpg
Photo by Wayne Matchett is Eriogonum longifolium var. gnaphalifolium, SpaceCoastWildflowers.com
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Tracheophytes
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Eriogonum
Species: E. floridanum
Binomial name
Eriogonum floridanum
Small
ERIG FLOR dist.jpg
Natural range of Eriogonum floridanum from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Scrub wild-buckwheat; Longleaf buckwheat

Taxonomic notes

Synonym name: Eriogonum longifolium Nuttall var. gnaphalifolium Gandoger

Description

A description of Eriogonum floridanum is provided in The Flora of North America.

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

Is found in the Florida scrub and sandhills. [1] Has also been seen in human disturbed areas such as mowed sandhills and scrub and roadside right-of-ways. [2] Thrives in open areas like the scrub and sandhill habitats with sandy, shallow soil, with Calcariuos C horizon.[2]

Associated species incldue Quercus incana, Q. stellata, Q. marilandica, Q. cinerea, Zornia, Cyperus uniflorus, Cristatella, Opuntia macrorhiza, Penstemon murrayanus, Bonamia pickeringii, B. humistrata, Froelichia, Streptanthus hyacinthoides, Selaginella, Helianthemum, Pinus taeda, P. echinata, Sassafras, Rhus copallina, and Polygonella.[2]

Phenology

Has been observed flowering from April to November.[2]

Pollination

The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Eriogonum longifolium at Archbold Biological Station: [3]

Halictidae: Augochloropsis metallica, A. sumptuosa, Lasioglossum nymphalis, Sphecodes heraclei

Leucospididae: Leucospis slossonae

Megachilidae: Anthidiellum perplexum

Sphecidae: Ammophila urnaria, Bicyrtes capnoptera, Bicyrtes quadrifasciata, Cerceris blakei, C. flavofasciata floridensis, C. fumipennis, C. rozeni, C. rufopicta, C. tolteca, Ectemnius rufipes ais, Isodontia exornata, Philanthus ventilabris, Pseudoplisus smithii floridanus, Sphex ichneumoneus, Stictiella serrata, Tachysphex apicalis, Tachytes distinctus, T. pepticus, Tanyoprymnus moneduloides

Vespidae: Eumenes fraternus, Euodynerus boscii boharti, E. castigatus rubrivestris, Leptochilus republicanus, Microdynerus monolobus, Mischocyttarus cubensis, Monobia quadridens, Pachodynerus erynnis, Parancistrocerus salcularis rufulus, Polistes bahamensis, P. dorsalis hunteri, Stenodynerus australis, S. beameri, S. fundatiformis, S. lineatifrons, S. pulvinatus surrufus

Vespidae: Vespula squamosa, Zethus slossonae

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. Weakley, Alan S. Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States: Working Draft of 21 May 2015.University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU). PDF. 792.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: February 2016. Collectors: Guy Aglin, Robert Kral, O. Lakela, Robert K. Godfrey, William P. Adams, F. H. Sargent, A.H. Curtiss, Angus Gholson, David Webb, Leon Bates, John W. Thieret, Delzie Demaree, Paul L. Redfearn, Jr., Craig A. Hanson, D.S. Correll, Charles Wallis, and Norlan C. Henderson. States and Counties: Florida: Haines, Highlands, Lake, Polk. Alabama: Caddo, Colbert. Louisiana: Winn. Arkansas: Garland, Marion. Texas: Callahan, Comanche, Coke, Jones, Knox, Ochiltree, Schleicher, and Taylor.
  3. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.