Eragrostis spectabilis

From Coastal Plain Plants Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Common Names: Purple Lovegrass [1], Showy love grass [2], Tumblegrass [3]

Eragrostis spectabilis
Eragrostis spectabilis AFP.jpg
Photo by the Atlas of Florida Plants Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida - Moncots
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Eragrostis
Species: E. spectabilis
Binomial name
Eragrostis spectabilis
Pursh
ERAG SPEC DIST.JPG
Natural range of Eragrostis spectabilis from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonym:E. spectabilis var. sparsihirsuta (Farwell)

Variety: none

Description

E. spectabilis is a perennial graminoid o the Poaceae family native to North America. [1]

Distribution

E. spectabilis is found throughout the majority of the 48 continental United States excepting the far west. It has also been introduced to eastern Canada. [1]

Ecology

Habitat

Ideal habitats for E. spectabilis are sandy fields, roadsides, and woodlands. [4]

Habitats for this species include wet pine flatwoods, dry sand open field, sandy vacant lots, pine woodlands, dry woods, upland pine oak woods, coarse sand regions with scrub barrens, and other disturbed areas such as roadsides and parking lots. [5]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by gravity. [6] The weak seedheads at the top of the grass stalks will break off and get dispersed by the wind. [1]

Fire ecology

Controlled annual burning is beneficial to the grass. It will increase if the region is annually burned. [1]

Use by animals

E. spectabilis is used by livestock for grazing in the spring. Deer will dig up the basal part of the stem and eat it during the winter. [1]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 USDA Plant Database
  2. Battaglia, L. L., et al. (2002). "Sixteen years of old-field succession and reestablishment of a bottomland hardwood forest in the lower Mississippi alluvial valley." Wetlands 22(1): 1-17.
  3. Robertson, K. R., et al. (1997). Delineation of natural communities, a checklist of vascular plants, and new locations for rare plants at the Savanna Army Depot, Carroll and Jo Daviess Counties, Illinois. Champaign-Urbana.
  4. Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  5. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran Anderson, Cecil Slaughter, R.K. Godfrey, John Nelson, Gary Knight, H. Kurz, Robert Lazor, A.f. Clewell, George Cooley, Erdman West, Tom Daggy, R.E. Perdue Jr., A.H. Curtiss, Sidney McDaniel, R.Norris, R.Komarek, Karen MacClendon, Floyd Griffith) States and counties:Florida (Wakulla, Flagler, Franklin, Leon, Liberty, Gilchrist, Taylor, Bay, Palm Beach, Levy, Duval, Lafayette, Calhoun, Indian River, Washington, Holmes) Georgia (Thomas, Grady, Clinch, Atkinson)
  6. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.