Endodeca serpentaria

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Endodeca serpentaria
Aristolochia serpentaria Gil.jpg
Photo taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Aristolochiales
Family: Aristolochiaceae
Genus: Endodeca
Species: E. serpentaria
Binomial name
Endodeca serpentaria
ARIS SERP dist.jpg
Natural range of Endodeca serpentaria from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Turpentine-root, Virginia snakeroot, Serpent birthwort

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Aristolochia serpentaria (L.); A. hastata Nuttall; A. serpentaria var. hastata (Nuttall) Duchartre; A. convolvulacea Small; Endodeca hastata (Nuttall) Rafinesque; E. serpentaria


A description of Endodeca serpentaria is provided in The Flora of North America. The variation of this species needs to be further studied.[1]


It is found as north as Connecticut, west to Illinois, and south to central peninsular Florida, then west to Texas.[1]



This species grows in mesic woodlands, rich mixed woodlands along creeks, wooded floodplains, and hardwood slopes. It is found in floodplains or slopes in soils varying from dry to wet sandy loam. This species has also been spotted in disturbed areas such as fire breaks. It thrives in shaded environments as well.[2]


It flowers from May to July.[1]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Weakley, Alan S. Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States: Working Draft of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU). PDF. 127.
  2. Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: L. C. Anderson, R. R. Clinebell II, R. K. Godfrey, and M. Jenkins. States and Counties: Florida: Calhoun, Gadsden, Jackson, Lafayette, and Leon. Georgia: Thomas.