Dioscorea floridana

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Dioscorea floridana
Dios flor.jpg
Photo by Shirley Denton (Copyrighted, use by photographer’s permission only), Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Order: Liliales
Family: Dioscoreaceae
Genus: Dioscorea
Species: D. floridana
Binomial name
Dioscorea floridana
Bartlett
DIOS FLOR dist.jpg
Natural range of Dioscorea floridana from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Florida yam

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: Dioscorea villosa L. var. floridana (Bartlett) H.E. Ahles

Description

A description of Dioscorea floridana is provided in The Flora of North America. Dioscorea floridana is a perennial herbaceous vine. The University of Florida has provided an accessible online PDF on how to differentiate the several species of yam in Florida. See link provided here: [Air Potato PDF] [1] D. floridana species is distinguished by having the two or three staminate inflorescences when compared to D. quaternata and D. villosa.[2]

Distribution

According to the USDA NRCS website, Dioscorea floridana's distribution occurs in South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. [3] Due to its limited range, it is considered vulnerable on the Global Status. [4]

Ecology

Habitat

D. floridana occurs in wet, sandy areas like pond edges.[5]

Phenology

D. floridana has been observed flowering in March.[6]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. [Air Potato PDF] Accessed: April 22, 2016.
  2. Ihsan A. AL-Shehbaz and Bernice G. Schubert (1810) The Discoreaceae in the Southeastern United States. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 70(1) 57.59
  3. [USDA NRCS Plant Database] Access: April 22, 2016.
  4. [Nature Serve] Accessed: April 22, 2016.
  5. Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Robert K. Godfrey and Lisa Keppner. States and Counties: Florida: Washington. Georgia: Thomas.
  6. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 8 DEC 2016