Dichanthelium tenue

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Dichanthelium tenue
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida - Moncots
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Dichanthelium
Species: D. tenue
Binomial name
Dichanthelium tenue
(Muhlenberg)
DICH TENU DIST.JPG
Natural range of Dichanthelium tenue from Weakley [1]

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: Panicum tenue Muhlenberg, Panicum albomarginatum Nash, Panicum trifolium Nash, Panicum ensifolium Baldwin, Panicum concinnius A.S. Hitchcock & Chase, and Dichanthelium dichotomum (Linnaeus) Gould var. tenue (Muhlenberg) Gould & Clark.

Varieties: none

Description

D. tenue, also known as white-edged witchgrass [2], is a native perennial with a graminoid growth habit that is a member of the Poaceae family. [3]

Distribution

The native distribution of D. tenue ranges in the gulf coastal plain from Louisiana up to Kentucky and Maryland. [3] The species is also present in Mesoamerica and Cuba. [2]

Ecology

Habitat

D. tenue can be found in wet peaty or sandy soil in pineland savannas, flatwoods, bogs, and meadows. [2] More specifically, habitats range from hardwood forests, pine flatwoods and savannahs, shaded loams, along railroads and several other disturbed sites, sandy depressions and hills, scrub thickets, grass sedge bogs, and other flatwoods. [4]

Phenology

Flowering time of D. tenue ranges from May until October. [2] Fruit has been seen to be present in the months February through June, and September through November. [4]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. Weakley, Alan S. 2015. Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States: Working Draft of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. 1320 pp.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. 3.0 3.1 USDA Plants Database URL: https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DIDIT
  4. 4.0 4.1 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Cecil Slaughter, R. Kral, R. K. Godfrey, H. Kurz, S. W. Leonard, A. E. Radford, Sidney McDaniel, C. R. Bell, H. L. Blomquist, R. F. Thorne, and R. A. Davidson. States and counties: Florida: Wakulla, Liberty, Franklin, Levy, Alachua, Escambia, Lee, Calhoun, Madison, Pasco, Jefferson, Dixie, Martin, Bay, and Leon. Louisiana: St Tammany, and Ouachita. Georgia: Grady, Thomas, Clinch, and Baker. Alabama: Mobile. North Carolina: Wake, Pender, and Durham. Mississippi: Winston. South Carolina: Florence.