Dalea feayi

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Dalea feayi
Dale feay.jpg
Photo by Mark A. Garland, hosted by the USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae
Genus: Dalea
Species: D. feayi
Binomial name
Dalea feayi
(Chapm.) Barneby
Dale feay dist.jpg
Natural range of Dalea feayi from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Feay's prairie clover

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: Petalostemon feayi Chapman

Description

D. feayi is a perennial species and is one of only four prairie clovers native to Florida.[1][2] It is erect and has a rounded growth.[2]

Distribution

Found in the Florida peninsula and some areas in Georgia [2].

Ecology

Habitat

In the Coastal Plain in Florida, D. feayi can be found in pine/oak sandhills; open oak scrubs; thinly wooded longleaf pine/live oak ridges; and Pinus clausa/Ceratolia scrub with Sabal etonia and Bumelia lacuum. [3] It has been found in human impacted areas such as roadsides, recently planted citrus groves, disturbed xerophytic oak-sand pine scrubs, and bulldozed slash pine/oak scrub. It has been found growing in Paola (Spodic Quartzipsamments) soil. [3]

Associated species include Quercus chapmanii, Paronychia erecta, Calamintha coccinea, Liatris provincialis, Dalea feayi, Polygonella robusta, Heterotheca subaxillaris, Pityopsis, Licania michauxii, myrtle oak, and sand pine.

Phenology

D. feayi has been observed to flower between March and September with peak inflorescence July to September and fruits in September. [3][4]

Fire ecology

It is an obligate seeder and ha observed to revitalize following fire. [5]

Pollination

The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Dalea feayi at Archbold Biological Station:[6]

Apidae: Bombus impatiens

Halictidae: Agapostemon splendens, Augochlorella aurata, Augochloropsis sumptuosa, Halictus poeyi, Lasioglossum nymphalis

Megachilidae: Anthidiellum perplexum, Anthidium maculifrons, Megachile brevis pseudobrevis, M. deflexa, M. inimica, M. petulans

Sphecidae: Bembix sayi, Bicyrtes capnoptera, Cerceris bicornuta, Isodontia exornata, Sphex dorsalis, Tachytes grisselli, T. pepticus

Vespidae: Stenodynerus fundatiformis, Zethus spinipes

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. [USDA Plants]Accessed: December 9, 2015
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 [Native Florida Wildflowers] Accessed: December 7, 2015
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: October 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Edwin L. Bridges, Jim Buckner, Steven P. Christman, George R. Cooley, R.K. Godfrey, Delzie Demaree, Robin B. Huck, Duane Isley, C. Jackson, Walter S. Judd, R. Kral, O. Lakela, Robert J. Lemaire, Sidney McDaniel, Julie Neel, Steve L. Orzell, James D. Ray Jr., Paul Redfearn, William Reese, Bob Simons, Victoria I. Sullivan, Steve Weaver, Don K. Wemple. States and Counties: Florida: Brevard, Franklin, Hernando, Highlands, Indian River, Marion, Polk, Putnam, St. Lucie, Wakulla. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  4. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 8 DEC 2016
  5. Abrahamson, Warren G., and Christy R. Abrahamson. “Effects of Fire on Long-unburned Florida Uplands”. Journal of Vegetation Science 7.4 (1996): 565–574.
  6. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.