Dalea carnea

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Dalea carnea
Dalea carnea Gil.jpg
Photo was taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae
Genus: Dalea
Species: D. carnea
Binomial name
Dalea carnea
(Michx.) Poir.
DALE CARN dist.jpg
Natural range of Dalea carnea from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Whitetassels[1]

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Dalea carnea (Michaux) Poiret var. carnea; Petalostemon carneus Michaux[1]

There are three varieties. Dalea carnea var. gracilis and D. carnea var. alba have white flowers, while Dalea carnea var. carnea has pink flowers. The most widespread variety is D. carnea var. carnea.[2]

Description

Herbaceous plant with several elongate, radiating branches spreading through grasses, not erect. Decumbent. It has a turbinate lignotuber.[3]

Distribution

D. carnea occurs from central Georgia south to southern peninsular Florida.[1]

Ecology

Habitat

It is found in wet pine flatwoods, edges of cypress swamps, edges of pine palmetto habitats, Longleaf pine uplands, and in dry pine woods and savannas. It is also found in human disturbed areas such as open fields, embankments, areas that have been logged and clear cut. Requires semi-shaded areas. It is associated with areas that have drying loamy sand, loose sand, where limestone underlies the surface in flatwoods, and well-drained slopes of Longleaf pine forests.[3]

Associated species includes Myrica cerifera, Eupatorium, Polygala, Clematis, Asclepias, Liatris, Indigofera caroliniana, cowpeas, and others.[3]

Phenology

D. carnea has been observed flowering from June to November with peak inflorescence in July.[3][4]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by gravity. [5]

Pollination

Bumblebees and honey bees has been observed on D. carnea.[3]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 USDA NRCS (2016) The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 02 February 2018). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.
  2. [[1]]Native Florida Wildflowers. Accessed: April 14, 2016
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Allen G. Shuey, R.K. Godfrey, Richard D. Houk, P. Genelle, G. Fleming, Sidney McDaniel, R. Kral, Loran C. Anderson, Steve L. Orzell, O. Lakela, Edwin L. Bridges, Paul L. Redfearn Jr., Duane Isely, Don K. Wemple, Duane Isely, Don K. Wemple, A. F. Clewell, Robert Blaisdell, Wakulla, Cecil R. Slaughter, R. Komarek, Bill Boothe, Marcia Boothe, D. S. Correll, Robert L. Lazor, and Mark A. Garland. States and Counties: Florida: Brevard, Citrus, Clay, Collier, De Soto, Dixie, Hillsborough, Indian River, Lee, Pasco, Pinellas, Polk, Seminole, St. Johns, Taylor, Polk, Dixie, Leon, Gilchrist, Jefferson, Levy, Jackson, Calhoun, Wakulla, Wilson Baker, Liberty, Bay, Holmes, Santa Rosa, and Washington. Georgia: Charlton and Thomas. Alabama: Barbour. Mississippi: Jackson.
  4. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 8 DEC 2016
  5. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.