Cyperus filiculmis

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Cyperus filiculmis
Cype fili.jpg
Photo by Guy Anglin, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Order: Poales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Cyperus
Species: C. filiculmis
Binomial name
Cyperus filiculmis
Vahl
Insert.jpg
Natural range of Cyperus filiculmis from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Southeastern Flatsedge

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Cyperus lupulinus ssp. lupulinus; (Cyperus martindalei Brittton The Flora of North America).

Varieties: none

Description

A description of Cyperus filiculmis is provided in The Flora of North America.

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

Cyperus filiculmis is found mainly in sandy soils, both wet and dry, including drying loamy sand, coarse sand, and moist sandy-peaty soil. It prefers sunny, open sites, and occurs in longleaf pine-wiregrass flatwoods and longleaf pine-turkey oak sand ridges. C. filiculumis is seen in disturbed habitats such as power line corridors, clear-cuts, and bulldozed or logged sites.[1]

Associated species includes Pinus palustris, Quercus laevis, and Aristidia stricta.[1]

Phenology

C. filiculmis has been observed both flowering and fruiting in May through November with peak inflorescence in June and August.[2][1]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by gravity.[3]

Fire ecology

This species is fire tolerant, and has been observed in recently burned pine flatwoods.[1]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, R. L. Lazor, R. K. Godfrey, R. F. Thorne, R. A. Davidson, S. W. Leonard, Gary R. Knight, Richard Carter, C. Jackson, J. B. McFarlin, R. Kral, Mabel Kral, J. B. McFarlin, Gwynn W. Ramsey, R. S. Mitchell, R. A. Norris, Steve L. Orzell, Richard Gaskalla, J. M. Kane, Cecil R. Slaughter, and Nancy Coile. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Brevard, Calhoun, Citrus, Clay, Duval, Franklin, Gadsden, Gilchrist, Highlands, Leon, Liberty, Okaloosa, Polk, Sarasota, St. Johns, Suwannee, Taylor, and Wakulla. Georgia: Baker, Coffee, Liberty, and Thomas
  2. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 8 DEC 2016
  3. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.