Croton glandulosus

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Croton glandulosus
Croton glandulosus Gil.jpg
photo by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Euphorbiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Croton
Species: C. glandulosus
Binomial name
Croton glandulosus
L.
CROT GLAN dist.jpg
Natural range of Croton glandulosus from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Vente conmigo; doveweed; tooth-leaved croton; sand croton

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: none

Varieties: C. glandulosus Linnaeus var. septentrionalis Muller of Aargau

Description

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

It can be found in mid-grass prairie communities.[1] It can also be found in longleaf pine communities, though it is not as common since they're dominated by perennial species.[2] This species has been observed in sandy and sandy loam soils of turkey oak ridges, open fields and clearings, wet borders of swamps, cabbage palm hammocks, dunes, and the ecotone between trees and shoreline of beaches. This species also occurs in human disturbed areas such as grassy highway medians, grassy edges of parking lots, along railroad tracks, waste areas, sandy roadsides, corn fields, and citrus groves.[3]

Associated species includes Quercus laevis, Q. geminata, Baptisia, Selaginella, Polygonella, Commelina, Pinus palustris, Haplopappus divaricatus, Pityopsis, Palofoxia, Ambrosia, and Conyza.[3]

Phenology

It is seasonal; it is mainly found from May to December, peaking in September in a study at Padre Island.[1] It has been observed flowering and fruiting June through October and fruiting in December[3].

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by ants and/or explosive dehiscence. [4]

Seed bank and germination

It germinates after fire.[1]

Fire ecology

It is included in the flowering plant survery – post burn – in Heuberger’s study[5]

Pollination

The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Croton glandulosus at Archbold Biological Station: [6]

Sphecidae: Cerceris blakei, Philanthus ventilabris

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lonard, R. I., F. W. Judd, et al. (2004). "Recovery of vegetation following a wildfire in a barrier island grassland, Padre Island National Seashore, Texas." Southwestern Naturalist 49: 173-188.
  2. Simkin, S. M., W. K. Michener, et al. (2001). "Plant response following soil disturbance in a longleaf pine ecosystem." Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 128: 208-218.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, G. Avery, D. Burch, Andre F. Clewell, Delzie Demaree, R. F. Doren,S. F. da Fonseca, B. J. Frier, Robert K. Godfrey, H. S. Irwin, D. Jones, Walter S. Judd, Beverly Judd, Gary R. Knight, R. Komarek, Robert Kral, Mabel Kral, Merle Kuns, O. Lakela, Robert L. Lazor, Karen MacClendon, F. Matthews, Sidney McDaniel, Richard S. Mitchell, Leon Neal, J. B. Nelson, R. A. Norris, Gwynn W. Ramsey, R. Reis dos Santos, Cecil R. Slaughter, R. Souza, V. I. Sullivan, Amanda R. Travis, Edwin L. Tyson, and D. B. Ward. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Calhoun, Citrus, Collier, Dade, Franklin, Hernando, Highlands, Jackson, Jefferson, Lafayette, Lake, Leon, Levy, Liberty, Madison, Martin, Nassau, Okaloosa, Pinellas, Polk, Putnam, Seminole, St. Johns, Taylor, Volusia, and Wakulla. Georgia: Thomas. Other Countries: Honduras, Bolivia, and Brazil.
  4. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.
  5. Heuberger, K. A. and F. E. Putz (2003). "Fire in the suburbs: ecological impacts of prescribed fire in small remnants of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) sandhill." Restoration Ecology 11: 72-81.
  6. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.