Chrysopsis mariana

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Chrysopsis mariana
Chrysopsis mariana Gil.jpg
photo by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae
Genus: Chrysopsis
Species: C. mariana
Binomial name
Chrysopsis mariana
(L.) Elliott
CHRY MARI dist.jpg
Natural range of Chrysopsis mariana from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Maryland golden-aster

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Heterotheca mariana (Linnaeus) Shinners; Chrysopsis mariana var. mariana; C. mariana var. macradenia Fernald

Varieties: none


A description of Chrysopsis mariana is provided in The Flora of North America.

It tends to appear in large numbers after a site is burned.[1]




It can live in humid and mild climates with plenty of rainfall throughout the year. It can tolerate temperatures ranging from 3 to 33 degrees Celsius. It is found in abundance in longleaf pine communities and also has grown in sand ridges and live oak floodplain forests.[2][1] Chrysopsis mariana is restricted to native groundcover with a statistical affinity in upland pinelands of South Georgia.[3] It has been observed to grow in open and shaded environments in moist loamy sands.[1] It's been found in disturbed areas such as sandy clearings within pine-hardwood forests, clear cut pine plantations, and along dirt roads.

Associated species include longleaf pine, turkey oak, and live oak.[1]


C. mariana flowers in the fall.[4]It has also been observed in north Florida to flower January to March, May, July, October, and November.[5] It fruits in May and November.[1]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by wind. [6]

Fire ecology

It is tolerant of fire.[2]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Wilson Baker, Bill Boothe, Kathleen Craddock Burks, R.K. Godfrey, Ann F. Johnson, R. Komarek, R L Lazor, John Morrill, R. A. Norris, Ginny Vail, and Jean W. Wooten. States and Counties: Florida: Calhoun, Franklin , Gulf , Jackson, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty, Taylor, Union, and Wakulla. Georgia: Thomas.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kush, J. S., R. S. Meldahl, et al. (1999). "Understory plant community response after 23 years of hardwood control treatments in natural longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) forests." Canadian Journal of Forest Research 29: 1047-1054.
  3. Ostertag, T.E., and K.M. Robertson. 2007. A comparison of native versus old-field vegetation in upland pinelands managed with frequent fire, South Georgia, USA. Pages 109–120 in R.E. Masters and K.E.M. Galley (eds.). Proceedings of the 23rd Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference: Fire in Grassland and Shrubland Ecosystems.
  4. Kirkman, L. K., K. L. Coffey, et al. (2004). "Ground cover recovery patterns and life-history traits: implications for restoration obstacles and opportunities in a species-rich savanna." Journal of Ecology 92(3): 409-421.
  5. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. Accessed: 7 DEC 2016
  6. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.