Centella asiatica

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Common name: spadeleaf [1], centella [2], coinleaf [2]

Centella asiatica
Centella asiatica AFP.jpg
Photo by the Atlas of Florida Plants Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Centella
Species: C. asiatica
Binomial name
Centella asiatica
L. Urb.
CENT ASIA DIST.JPG
Natural range of Centella asiatica from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: Centella erecta (Linnaeus f.) Fernald; Centella repanda (Persoon) Small; Hydrocotyle asiatica L.

Varieties: none

Description

C. asiatica is a perennial forb/herb/subshrub of the Apiaceae family native to the Pacific Basin, excluding Hawaii. [1]

Distribution

While native to the Pacific Basin, C. asiatica has been introduced to Hawaii, Oregon and Florida. [1]

Ecology

Habitat

C. asiatica is found in savannas, pondshores, ditches, and a wide variety of other moist to wet habitats. [2] [3]

Phenology

C. asiatica has been observed flowering from April to August. [4]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 USDA Plant Database https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CEAS
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Ann F. Johnson, Cecil R. Slaughter, Dianne Hall, Kim Ponzio, Loran C. Anderson, R.F. Doren, Robert K. Godfrey, R. Kral, M. Darst, H. Light, L. Peed. States and counties: Washington County Florida, Indian River County Florida, Brevard County Florida, Gulf County Florida, Wakulla County Florida, Leon County Florida, Thomas County Georgia, Jackson County Florida, Covington County Alabama, Gadsden County Florida, Dixie County Florida.
  4. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 18 MAY 2018