Carex verrucosa

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Carex verrucosa
Care verr.jpg
Photo by John R. Gwaltney, Southeastern Flora.com
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Order: Poales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Carex
Species: C. verrucosa
Binomial name
Carex verrucosa
Muhl.
CARE VERR dist.jpg
Natural range of Carex verrucosa from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Warty sedge

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: Carex glaucescens Elliott var. androgyna M.A. Curtis

Varieties: none

Description

A description of Carex verrucosa is provided in The Flora of North America.

Distribution

Distributed from southeast North Carolina south to Florida and west to Louisiana.[1]

Ecology

Habitat

Carex verrucosa are sedges that are almost restricted to wet savanna communities.[2] Thrives in wetland depressions in the southeastern coastal plain.[3] This species is found in sphagnum bogs in pine woods depressions, cypress ponds, and sweetbay-titi swamps. It is tolerant a range of light levels, from shady to sunny. It grows in sandy loam and peaty soils that are wet to saturated. Also found in roadside ditches.[4]

Associated species includes Carex walteriana, Ilex myrtifolia, Lyonia, Panicum hemitomon, Polygala cymosa, Pontederia, Rhynchospora corniculata, Taxodium distichum, and others.[4]

Phenology

The inflorescence is arranged in a spike. It has superior ovaries. C. verrucosa has been observed flowering from February to July, and also in October and November with peak inflorescence in April and May.[5][4] The fruit is a nutlet.[1]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 [[1]]NatureServe. Accessed: april 12, 2016
  2. Walker, J. and R. K. Peet (1983). "Composition and species diversity of pine-wiregrass savannas of the Green Swamp, North Carolina." Vegetatio 55: 163-179.
  3. Edwards, A. L. and A. S. Weakley (2001). "Population biology and management of rare plants in depression wetlands of the southeastern coastal plain, USA." Natural Areas Journal 21: 12-35.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: L. C. Anderson, J. R. Burkhalter, K. C. Burks, G. R. Cooley, S. Cooper, R. J. Eaton, A. Gholson, R. K. Godfrey, D. W. Hall, E. Keppner, L. Keppner, G. R. Knight, R. Kral, S. W. Leonard, D. L. Martin, S. McDaniel, R. A. Norris, A. Schmidt, G. Schultz, C. R. Slaughter, L. B. Trott, and C. E. Wood Jr. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Calhoun, Clay, Columbia, Duval, Escambia, Franklin, Gadsden, Hamilton, Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty, Marion, Polk, Suwannee, Taylor, Wakulla, Walton, and Washington. Georgia: Thomas.
  5. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 7 DEC 2016