Campsis radicans

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Common name: trumpet creeper [1]

Campsis radicans
Campsis radicans AFP.jpg
Photo by the Atlas of Florida Plants Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Bignoniaceae
Genus: Campsis
Species: C. radicans
Binomial name
Campsis radicans
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CAMP RADI DIST.JPG
Natural range of Campsis radicans from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: Bignonia radicans Linnaeus; Tecoma radicans (Linnaeus) Juss

Varieties: none

Description

C. radicans is a perennial vine of the Bignoniaceae family native to North America and Canada. [1]

Distribution

C. radicans is found in the Ontario region of Canada, the eastern half of the United States, California, and Washington. [1]

Ecology

Habitat

C. radicans is found in bottomland forests, swamp forests, fencerows, old fields, forests, thickets, and disturbed areas. It was primarily limited to swamps and bottomlands in the pre-Columbian landscape, and has become a successful colonizer of abandoned farmland, fencerows, and thickets. [2]

Phenology

C. radicans has been observed flowering between April and August. [3] Its foliage can often be seen in canopies of 30-40 meters high, and with stems of up to 15 centimeters in diameter. C. radicans is easily recognizable by its tannish, shreddy bark. [2]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by wind. [4]

Fire ecology

C. radicans is not fire resistant, but has a high fire tolerance. [1]

Use by animals

C. radicans is an occasional food source for large mammals and terrestrial birds. [1]

Conservation and Management

C. radicans is listed as a weedy or invasive species by The University Press of Kentucky, the Cornell University Press, and the Southern Weed Science Society. [1]

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 USDA Plant Database https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CARA2
  2. 2.0 2.1 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 16 MAY 2018
  4. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.