Asimina parviflora

From Coastal Plain Plants Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Common names: Smallflower pawpaw

Asimina parviflora
Asimina parviflora AFP.jpg
Photo by the Atlas of Florida Plants Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Annonaceae
Genus: Asimina
Species: A. parviflora
Binomial name
Asimina parviflora
(Michx.) Dunal
ASIM PARV DIST.JPG
Natural range of Asimina parviflora from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: none

Varieties: none

Description

A. parviflora is a perennial shrub tree of hte Annonaceae family native to the southeastern United States. [1]

Distribution

A. parviflora is found in the southeastern United States, particularly in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas. [1]

Ecology

Habitat

A. parviflora is a deciduous shrub found in the Coastal Plain in the southeastern United States. [2]

This species has been found on sparse loamy sands, moist sands, floodplains, woodland slope, and bottomland hardwood forests. [3]

A. parviflora has been observed in dry-mesic hardwood hammock on a bluff above the Kissimmee River in Highland County Fl. This specimen is on the edge of it's southeastern range. .[4]

Phenology

The A. parviflora flowers are the smallest in the assimina genus with 4-6 maroon flowers per branch. The flowers are in bloom from February to May depending on the year. [2]

Seed dispersal

The A. parviflora is pollinated by insects including the greenbottle fly and nitidulid beetles.[2] This species is thought to be dispersed by consumption by vertebrates. [5]

Seed bank and germination

The fruit from A. parviflora requires an average of 3-4 months to mature and the number of seeds germinated is low compared to the initial population developed. [2]

Use by animals

A variety of flies are the most common visitor to the A. parviflora but they have not been traced to pollination, which is largely a result from beetles and the greenbottle fly.[2]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 USDA Plant Database
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 [Norman, E. M., et al. (1992). "Reproductive Biology of Asimina parviflora (Annonaceae)." Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 119(1): 1-6.]
  3. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Robert K. Godfrey, William Platt, M. Darst, H. Light, P. Isom, L. Peed. States and counties: Florida (Wakulla, Jefferson, Franklin, Leon, Lafayette), Georgia (Thomas)
  4. Observation by Edwin Bridgesr in Highlands County, Fl. on the kissimmee River, February 8, 2016, posted to Florida Flora and Ecosystematics Facebook Group February 8, 2016.
  5. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.