Aristida virgata

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Common name: arrowfeather threeawn [1]

Aristida virgata
Aristida virgata AFP.jpg
Photo by the Atlas of Florida Plants Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida - Moncots
Order: Cyperales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Aristida
Species: A. virgata
Binomial name
Aristida virgata
Trinius
ARIS VIRG DIST.JPG
Natural range of Aristida virgata from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: A. purpurascens Poiret var. virgata (Trinius) Allred

Varieties: none

Description

A. virgata is a perennial graminoid of the Poaceae family native to North America. [1]

Distribution

A. virgata can be found in the southeastern United States from Texas to New York. [1]

Ecology

Habitat

A. virgata proliferates in moist to wet pine savannas, wet pine flatwoods, mountain bogs, and other moist habitats. [2] Specimens have been collected from open pine savanna near a marsh edge. [3]

Phenology

A. virgata does not hold up well against transplanting. [4]

Fire ecology

A. virgata flourishes when the following burning treatments are applied: periodic summer and annual winter. [5]

Use by animals

A. virgata has poor forage value. [6]

Conservation and Management

A. virgata is listed as: a "special concern" species by the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection, endangered by the Maryland Natural Heritage Program, and threatened by the Massachusetts Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program, the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, and the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management. [1]

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 USDA Plant Database https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ARPUV
  2. Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Jennifer M. Fill States and counties: South Carolina (Colleton)
  4. Aschenbach, T. A., et al. (2010). "The initial phase of a longleaf pine-wiregrass savanna restoration: species establishment and community responses." Restoration Ecology 18(5): 762-771.
  5. Lewis, C. E. and T. J. Harshbarger (1976). "Shrub and herbaceous vegetation after 20 years of prescribed burning in the South Carolina coastal plain." Journal of Range Management 29(1): 13-18.
  6. Hilmon, J. B. (1964). "Plants of the Caloosa Experimental Range " U.S. Forest Service Research Paper SE-12