Argemone mexicana

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Common names: Mexican pricklypoppy; Mexican poppy

Argemone mexicana
Arge mexi.jpg
Photo by Keith Bradley, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Order: Papaverales
Family: Papaveraceae
Genus: Argemone
Species: A. mexicana
Binomial name
Argemone mexicana
ARGE MEXI dist.jpg
Natural range of Argemone mexicana from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: A. leiocarpa Greene The Flora of North America.


A description of Argemone mexicana is provided in The Flora of North America.


It is found in peninsular Florida.[1]



In the Coastal Plain, A. mexicana can be found in loamy soils of mesic woodlands and in disturbed areas, such as sandy roadsides and citrus groves.[2][1] It is native to peninsular Florida.[1]


It flowers from April to May, and sometimes in August.[1]


The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Argemone mexicana at Archbold Biological Station:[3]

Apidae: Apis mellifera

Halictidae: Halictus poeyi

Halictidae: Lasioglossum puteulanum

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Weakley, Alan S. Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States: Working Draft of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU). PDF. 464.
  2. Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: Last accessed: October 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Leon Neel, R.A. Norris, Cecil R. Slaughter. States and Counties: Florida: Leon, Jackson, Polk. Georgia: Thomas. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  3. Deyrup, M.A. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.