Angelica venenosa

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Common name: Hairy Angelica [1], Deadly Angelica [2]

Angelica venenosa
Angelica venenosa AFP.jpg
Photo by the Atlas of Florida Plants Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Angelica
Species: A. venenosa
Binomial name
Angelica venenosa
(Greenway) Fernald
Natural range of Angelica venenosa from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: A. villosa (Walter) Britton, Sterns, & Poggenburg.[3]

Varieties: none.[3]


A. venenosa is a perennial forb/herb of the Apiaceae family native to North America and introduced in Canada. [1] Unusual features of A. venenosa varieties found in dry sandhill communities in the Fall Line Sandhills include basal leaves that lay directly on the ground, small leaflets, and coarse, more equilateral toothing of the leaflets. [2]


A. venenosa can be found in the eastern half of the United States, ranging from Oklahoma and Minnesota to Florida and Massachusetts. It has also been introduced in Canada, specifically in Ontario. [1]



A. venenosa is found in dry forests and woodlands, woodland borders, longleaf pine sandhills, hammocks, and prairies. [2] Additionally, it is found in mesic woodlands, the sandy loam of savanna-like open pinewoods on gentle slopes adjacent to cypress-gum wet area, and shady beech magnolia-hickory-oak woods.[4]


A. venenosa has been observed to flower in January and June,[5] but also is noted to flower from May through July.[6]

Herbivory and toxicology

Angelica venenosa has been observed to host seed bugs such as Lygaeus turcicus (family Lygaeidae).[7] This species is a value to beneficial insects by supporting conservation biological control through attracting predatory/parasitoid insects that prey on pest insects.[6]

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

A. venenosa is listed as a "special concern" species by the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. [1]

Cultural use

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 USDA Plant Database
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Weakley, A.S. 2015. Flora of the southern and mid-atlantic states. Working Draft of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
  4. URL: Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran Anderson, Bill and Pam Anderson, John Nelson, G. Knight, A.F. Clewell, Steve L. Orzell, Edwin L. Bridges, Rodie White, R. Kral, Brian R. Keener, Tracy Keener. States and counties: Florida (Santa Rosa, Leon, Jefferson, Jackson, Okaloosa) Georgia (Grady, Thomas) Alabama (Conecuh, Greene)
  5. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. Accessed: 17 MAY 2018
  6. 6.0 6.1 [[1]] Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Accessed: March 13, 2019
  7. [2]