Agalinis pulchella

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Agalinis pulchella
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Genus: Agalinis
Species: A. pulchella
Binomial name
Agalinis pulchella
Natural range of Agalinis pulchella from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: St. Mark's false foxglove[1]

Taxonomic Notes

Synonym: Gerardia pulcherrima[1][2]


Agalinis pulchella is a dioecious annual that grows as a forb/herb.[1] It is dull green to purplish with stems 6-10 dm tall. Leaves are opposite, or sub-opposite, spreading, narrowly linear, acute, entire, with stems 2-3 cm long. Seeds are 0.5-0.7 mm long and broadly triangular to quadrangular.[3] Cotyledons were orbicular to orbicular-ovate and 0.8-1.3 mm wide and long.[4] Seeds have a striate-tuberculate radial wall.[5]


This species is found from Texas, eastward to Florida and Georgia.[1][3]



A. pulchella is found in pine savannas and sandhills of the southeastern United States.[2] Another paper describes A. pulchella being found in dry open sandy longleaf-pinelands on the southeastern coastal plain.[3]


In North America, this species flowers in September and fruits in October.[3]

Use by animals

Agalinis species, including this one, host larvae of the common buckeye butterfly (Junonia coenia) in Florida.[6]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 USDA NRCS (2016) The PLANTS Database (, 26 January 2018). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Weakley AS (2015) Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Pennell FW (1929) Agalinis and allies in North America: II. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 81:111-249.
  4. Canne JM (1983) The taxonomic significance of seedling morphology in Agalinis (Scrophulariaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 61:1868-1874.
  5. Canne JM (1979) A light and scanning electron microscope study of seed morphology in Agalinis (Scrophulariaceae) and its taxonomic significance. Systematic Botany 4(4):281-296.
  6. Observation by Roger Hammer in Silver Springs State Park, Marion County, FL. September 2016, posted to Florida Flora and Ecosystematics Facebook Group August 4, 2017.