Difference between revisions of "Physalis walteri"

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==Ecology==
 
==Ecology==
 
===Habitat=== <!--Natural communities, human disturbed habitats, topography, hydrology, soils, light, fire regime requirements for removal of competition, etc.-->
 
===Habitat=== <!--Natural communities, human disturbed habitats, topography, hydrology, soils, light, fire regime requirements for removal of competition, etc.-->
''P. walteri'' has been observed to be growing naturally on beach dunes and back dunes, in longleaf pine flatwoods, turkey oak sandridges, sandy banks bordering salt marhes,longleaf pine/wiregrass uplands, and slash pine flatwoods. <ref name="FSU Herbarium">Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: [http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu]. Last accessed: July 2015. Collectors: M Y Menzel, R W Menzel, Loran C. Anderson, James R. Burkhalter, Robert K. Godfrey, O. Lakela, William Lindsey, J. B. Nelson, R. H. Wnek, C. Jackson, Robert L. Lazor, Andre F. Clewell, Robert Kral, George R. Cooley, R. J. Eaton, Sidney McDaniel, Cecil R Slaughter, Marc Minno, James D. Ray, Jr., C. E. Wood, C. E. Smith, R. D. Houk, Ann F. Johnson, M. Davis, Richard R. Clinebell II, D. E. Etles, M. S. Etles, William Lindsey, A. H. Curtiss, D. B. Ward, D. Burch. States and Counties: Florida: Brevard, Broward, Calhoun, Citrus, Collier, Dade, Duval, Escambia, Flagler, Franklin, Hernando, Holmes, Jefferson, Leon, Levy, Martin, Monroe, Nassau, Palm Beach, Pinellas, Orange, Santa Rosa, St. Johns, St. Lucie, Seminole, Suwannee, Taylor, Volusia, Wakulla. Georgia: Thomas. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.</ref> It has been seen in human disturbed areas such as pine plantations, old fields, plowed lots, vacant lots, roadsides near beaches, roadside ditches, pastures and levees, lawns, and clearing of a swamp forest. <ref name="FSU Herbarium"/> The soil type associated with ''P/ walteri'' includes dry loamy sand, loamy sand, and calcerous soils (such as limerock). <ref name="FSU Herbarium"/> Associated species include ''Tragia smallii, Pinus palustris, Physalis arenicola, Lobelia puberula, Quercus laevis, Sporobolus, Serenoa repens, Yucca, Lyonia, Lantana, Camara, Carex hyalinolepis, Melica mutica, Aristida, Pinus elliottii'', and ''Helianthus debilis.'' <ref name="FSU Herbarium"/>
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''P. walteri'' has been observed to be growing naturally on beach dunes and back dunes, in longleaf pine flatwoods, turkey oak sandridges, sandy banks bordering salt marhes,longleaf pine/wiregrass uplands, and slash pine flatwoods. <ref name="FSU Herbarium">Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: [http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu]. Last accessed: July 2015. Collectors: M Y Menzel, R W Menzel, Loran C. Anderson, James R. Burkhalter, Robert K. Godfrey, O. Lakela, William Lindsey, J. B. Nelson, R. H. Wnek, C. Jackson, Robert L. Lazor, Andre F. Clewell, Robert Kral, George R. Cooley, R. J. Eaton, Sidney McDaniel, Cecil R Slaughter, Marc Minno, James D. Ray, Jr., C. E. Wood, C. E. Smith, R. D. Houk, Ann F. Johnson, M. Davis, Richard R. Clinebell II, D. E. Etles, M. S. Etles, William Lindsey, A. H. Curtiss, D. B. Ward, D. Burch. States and Counties: Florida: Brevard, Broward, Calhoun, Citrus, Collier, Dade, Duval, Escambia, Flagler, Franklin, Hernando, Holmes, Jefferson, Leon, Levy, Martin, Monroe, Nassau, Palm Beach, Pinellas, Orange, Santa Rosa, St. Johns, St. Lucie, Seminole, Suwannee, Taylor, Volusia, Wakulla. Georgia: Thomas. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.</ref> It has been seen in human disturbed areas such as pine plantations, old fields, plowed lots, vacant lots, roadsides near beaches, roadside ditches, pastures and levees, lawns, and clearing of a swamp forest. <ref name="FSU Herbarium"/> The soil type associated with ''P. walteri'' includes dry loamy sand, loamy sand, and calcerous soils (such as limerock). <ref name="FSU Herbarium"/> Associated species include ''Tragia smallii, Pinus palustris, Physalis arenicola, Lobelia puberula, Quercus laevis, Sporobolus, Serenoa repens, Yucca, Lyonia, Lantana, Camara, Carex hyalinolepis, Melica mutica, Aristida, Pinus elliottii'', and ''Helianthus debilis.'' <ref name="FSU Herbarium"/>
  
 
''Physalis walteri'' is an indicator species for the North Florida Subxeric Sandhills community type as described in Carr et al. (2010).<ref>Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.</ref>
 
''Physalis walteri'' is an indicator species for the North Florida Subxeric Sandhills community type as described in Carr et al. (2010).<ref>Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.</ref>

Latest revision as of 14:52, 21 August 2020

Physalis walteri
Physalis walteri.jpg
Photo taken by Kevin Robertson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Physalis
Species: P. walteri
Binomial name
Physalis walteri
Nutt.
PHYS WALT dist.jpg
Natural range of Physalis walteri from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Walter's groundcherry; Dune groundcherry

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Physalis maritima M.A. Curtis; P. viscosa Linnaeus ssp. maritima (M.A. Curtis) Waterfall; P. walteri var. walteri; P. walteri var. glabra (Waterfall) D.B. Ward

Description

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

P. walteri has been observed to be growing naturally on beach dunes and back dunes, in longleaf pine flatwoods, turkey oak sandridges, sandy banks bordering salt marhes,longleaf pine/wiregrass uplands, and slash pine flatwoods. [1] It has been seen in human disturbed areas such as pine plantations, old fields, plowed lots, vacant lots, roadsides near beaches, roadside ditches, pastures and levees, lawns, and clearing of a swamp forest. [1] The soil type associated with P. walteri includes dry loamy sand, loamy sand, and calcerous soils (such as limerock). [1] Associated species include Tragia smallii, Pinus palustris, Physalis arenicola, Lobelia puberula, Quercus laevis, Sporobolus, Serenoa repens, Yucca, Lyonia, Lantana, Camara, Carex hyalinolepis, Melica mutica, Aristida, Pinus elliottii, and Helianthus debilis. [1]

Physalis walteri is an indicator species for the North Florida Subxeric Sandhills community type as described in Carr et al. (2010).[2]

Phenology

P. walteri has been observed flowering in January and from March to November with peak inflorescence in June.[1][3]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by consumption by vertebrates. [4]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: July 2015. Collectors: M Y Menzel, R W Menzel, Loran C. Anderson, James R. Burkhalter, Robert K. Godfrey, O. Lakela, William Lindsey, J. B. Nelson, R. H. Wnek, C. Jackson, Robert L. Lazor, Andre F. Clewell, Robert Kral, George R. Cooley, R. J. Eaton, Sidney McDaniel, Cecil R Slaughter, Marc Minno, James D. Ray, Jr., C. E. Wood, C. E. Smith, R. D. Houk, Ann F. Johnson, M. Davis, Richard R. Clinebell II, D. E. Etles, M. S. Etles, William Lindsey, A. H. Curtiss, D. B. Ward, D. Burch. States and Counties: Florida: Brevard, Broward, Calhoun, Citrus, Collier, Dade, Duval, Escambia, Flagler, Franklin, Hernando, Holmes, Jefferson, Leon, Levy, Martin, Monroe, Nassau, Palm Beach, Pinellas, Orange, Santa Rosa, St. Johns, St. Lucie, Seminole, Suwannee, Taylor, Volusia, Wakulla. Georgia: Thomas. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  2. Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.
  3. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 12 DEC 2016
  4. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.