Crataegus aestivalis

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Common name: may hawthorn [1], mayhaw [2], eastern mayhaw [2]

Crataegus aestivalis
Crataegus aestivalis AFP.jpg
Photo by the Atlas of Florida Plants Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Crataegus aestivalis
Species: C. aestivalis
Binomial name
Crataegus aestivalis
Natural range of Crataegus aestivalis from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: none

Varieties: none


C. aestivalis is a perennial tree/shrub of the Rosaceae family native to North America.[1]


C. aestivalis is common in the southeastern corner of the United States, from Mississippi to Virginia.[1]



C. aestivalis is most often found in swamp forests, generally where flooded for much of the year, often flowering and fruiting while standing in water, and occasionally growing as groves or stands in ‘mayhaw flats’.[2] Also often found in deciduous woods.[3]


C. aestivalis flowers in February, March, and May. [4]

Fire ecology

C. aestivalis is not fire resistant, and has a low fire tolerance.[1]

Use by animals

C. aestivalis is highly palatable to browsing animals, not highly palatable to grazing animals, and not palatable to humans.[1]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 USDA Plant Database
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. URL: Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Robert K. Godfrey, Angus Gholson, H. Kurz, Sidney McDaniel, R.A. Norris, Wilson Baker, Cecil R. Slaughter, Palmer Kinsler, Edith Ellen Lee-Smith. States and counties: Gadsden County Florida, Jackson County Florida, Leon County Florida, Flagler County Florida, Lafayette County Florida, Wakulla County Florida, Atkinson County Georgia, Early County Georgia, Thomas County Georgia, Baker County Florida, Bradford County Florida.
  4. PanFlora Author: Gil Nelson URL: Date Accessed: 5/18/18