Difference between revisions of "Bigelowia nudata"

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Associated species: ''Linum macrocarpum'', ''Lophiola aurea'', ''Sarracenia alata'', ''Lachnocaulon digynum'', ''Magnolia virginiana'', ''Scleria baldwinii'', and ''Syngonanthus flavidulus''<ref name= "Reid"> Reid, C. S. and P. L. Faulkner (2010). "Louisiana." Castanea 75(1): 138-140. </ref><ref name= "Loran3"> Anderson, Loran C. (1989). "Noteworthy plants from north Florida. IV." SIDA 13(4): 497-504.</ref>
 
Associated species: ''Linum macrocarpum'', ''Lophiola aurea'', ''Sarracenia alata'', ''Lachnocaulon digynum'', ''Magnolia virginiana'', ''Scleria baldwinii'', and ''Syngonanthus flavidulus''<ref name= "Reid"> Reid, C. S. and P. L. Faulkner (2010). "Louisiana." Castanea 75(1): 138-140. </ref><ref name= "Loran3"> Anderson, Loran C. (1989). "Noteworthy plants from north Florida. IV." SIDA 13(4): 497-504.</ref>
  
''Bigelowia nudata'' is an indicator species for the Peninsula Savannas community type and is frequent and abundant in the Upper Panhandle Savannas and Lower Panhandle Savannas community types as described in Carr et al. (2010).<ref>Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.</ref>
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''Bigelowia nudata'' is an indicator species for the Peninsula Savannas community type and is frequent and abundant in the Upper Panhandle Savannas, Lower Panhandle Savannas, and Panhandle Seepage Savannas community types as described in Carr et al. (2010).<ref>Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.</ref>
  
 
===Phenology=== <!--Timing off flowering, fruiting, seed dispersal, and environmental triggers.  Cite PanFlora website if appropriate: http://www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ -->
 
===Phenology=== <!--Timing off flowering, fruiting, seed dispersal, and environmental triggers.  Cite PanFlora website if appropriate: http://www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ -->

Latest revision as of 14:34, 1 August 2020

Common name: Pineland Rayless Goldenrod

Bigelowia nudata
Bigelowia nudata SEF.jpg
Photo from the Southeastern Flora Plant Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Bigelowia
Species: B. nudata
Binomial name
Bigelowia nudata
(Michx.)
BIGE NUDA DIST.JPG
Natural range of Bigelowia nudata from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: Chondrophora nudata (Michaux) Britton

Varieties: Bigelowia nudata (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle var. australis (L.C. Anderson) Shinners, Bigelowia nudata (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle var. nudata

Description

B. nudata, also known as the pineland rayless goldenrod, is a native perennial forb that is a member of the Asteraceae family.[1] Leaves alternate, oblanceolate shape, and entire margins. Flowers yellow, achene fruit type, and fibrous roots.[2]

Distribution

B. nudata is found in the Southeast United States, ranging from Texas to North Carolina.[1] However, it is most frequent along the coast lines of lower Mississippi to North Carolina. When the species is split into the subspecies nudata and australis, nudata is widespread from North Carolina to Louisiana while australis is restricted to peninsular Florida.[3]

Ecology

Habitat

B. nudata can be found in moist sandy loams of savannahs, pine barrens, and margins of swamps as well as rich sandy soils in wet prairies and open pinelands.[3] It is a wide-ranging species, mainly occurring in wet to mesic habitats.[4][5] It can be found in disturbed sites such as front lawns and roadsides, while native habitats range from white-top pitcher plant prairies, wet pine flatwoods and cypress depressions, marsh edges, sandy scrub, dry sandy loams, and other moist areas.[6] It is considered an indicator species for the peninsular savanna community in Florida.[7]

B. nudata responds negatively or not at all to soil disturbance by roller chopping in South Florida.[8] It does not respond to soil disturbance by clearcutting and chopping in North Florida flatwoods forests.[9]

Associated species: Linum macrocarpum, Lophiola aurea, Sarracenia alata, Lachnocaulon digynum, Magnolia virginiana, Scleria baldwinii, and Syngonanthus flavidulus[10][11]

Bigelowia nudata is an indicator species for the Peninsula Savannas community type and is frequent and abundant in the Upper Panhandle Savannas, Lower Panhandle Savannas, and Panhandle Seepage Savannas community types as described in Carr et al. (2010).[12]

Phenology

It flowers twice a year, in the spring as well as the fall ranging from October to May.[3] B. nudata has been observed to flower in January as well as June through November with peak inflorescence in July and September.[13]

Seed bank and germination

Besides seed germination, B. nudata is known to propagate and germinate through rhizomes.[3]

Fire ecology

B. nudata seems to respond positively to fire, due to seen increase in flowering after multiple burns over time have been conducted.[14]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 USDA Plants Database URL: https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BINU
  2. [[1]] Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Accessed: March 27, 2019
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Anderson, L. C. (1970). "Studies on Bigelowia (Asteraceae, Compositae). 1. Morphology and Taxonomy." Sida 3(7): 451-465.
  4. Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  5. Anderson, L. C. (1977). "Studies on Bigelowia (Asteraceae). III. Cytotaxonomy and Biogeography." Systematic Botany 2(3): 209-218.
  6. Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Cecil R. Slaughter, Loran C. Anderson, Ann F. Johnson, S. W. Leonard, John B. Nelson, Bruce Hansen, JoAnn Hansen, R. K. Godfrey, L. Baltzell, R. A. Norris, R. Komarek, Lisa Keppner, Wade Biltoft, Steve L. Orzell, Edwin L. Bridges, Richard Carter, Olga Lakela, R. Kral, James D. Ray, Jr., George R. Cooley, R. J. Eaton, Sidney McDaniel, D. B. Ward, E. S. Ford, Erdman West, Paul L. Redfeam, Jr., R. R. Smith, Robert L. Lazor, M. Darst, and T. Myint. States and counties: Florida: Putnam, Walton, Franklin, Jackson, Bay, Volusia, Okaloosa, Flagler, Escambia, Santa Rosa, Wakulla, Calhoun, Liberty, Washington, Martin, Lee, Collier, Orange, Okeechobee, Osceola, Pinellas, Sumter, Pasco, Hillsborough, Sarasota, Palm Beach, Leon, Alachua, Nassau, Jefferson, and Bay. Georgia: Thomas. South Carolina: Berkeley.
  7. Carr, S. C., et al. (2010). "A Vegetation Classification of Fire-Dependent Pinelands of Florida." Castanea 75(2): 153-189.
  8. Lewis, C.E. (1970). Responses to Chopping and Rock Phosphate on South Florida Ranges. Journal of Range Management 23(4):276-282.
  9. Moore, W.H., B.F. Swindel, and W.S. Terry. (1982). Vegetative Response to Clearcutting and Chopping in a North Florida Flatwoods Forest. Journal of Range Management 35(2):214-218.
  10. Reid, C. S. and P. L. Faulkner (2010). "Louisiana." Castanea 75(1): 138-140.
  11. Anderson, Loran C. (1989). "Noteworthy plants from north Florida. IV." SIDA 13(4): 497-504.
  12. Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.
  13. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 27 MAR 2019
  14. Hinman, S. E. and J. S. Brewer (2007). "Responses of Two Frequently-Burned Wet Pine Savannas to an Extended Period without Fire." The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 134(4): 512-526.